The present report sets out the findings of a cost benefit analysis conducted in northern Kenya in early 2016. This analysis examined seven resilience interventions delivered under DFID’s Arid Lands Support Programme (ASP) between 2013 and 2016. These interventions are being implemented by seven INGOs in four counties of northern Kenya, namely Mandera, Marsabit, Turkana and Wajir. The INGOs whose work was examined are BOMA, CONCERN, Oxfam, Save the Children, Solidarites, Trocaire and World Vision.
This study was conducted using a methodology known as community-based cost benefit analysis (CBCBA). Specifically, the study applied the CBCBA tool that was developed under the present contract. The aim of the tool is to inform decision making about development investments and programming.
The seven projects examined by this study were designed to complement the Kenyan government’s Hunger Safety Net Programme (HSNP). This social protection programme is already active in the ASP target counties, providing regular cash transfers to 100,000 households in this area as well as emergency support to up to 75% of its population in times of drought. The ASP projects operate on a smaller scale, but complement the HSNP by fostering promising livelihood opportunities for the target communities.
The report comprises 8 sections: Introduction; Methodology; Background context; Frequency with which challenges were cited by villagers; Findings from the data collection; Findings from the data analysis; Lessons learnt; and Recommendations for future interventions.
The recommendations for future programming which emerged from the study included (1) increase fodder supplies via environmental rehabilitation; (2) target cultural beliefs that are undermining welfare; (3) support the commercialisation of livestock production; (4) support promising livelihood diversification options; (5) harness neglected opportunities within schooling; (6) address the underlying causes of ethnic conflict; (7) secure community ownership of interventions.
This report has been produced by Landell Mills for Evidence on Demand with the assistance of the UK Department for International Development (DFID) contracted through the Climate, Environment, Infrastructure and Livelihoods Professional Evidence and Applied Knowledge Services (CEIL PEAKS) programme, jointly managed by DAI (which incorporates HTSPE Limited) and IMC Worldwide Limited.